About Thailand

Thailand is located in the center of Southeast Asia. Looking at the map of Thailand will show a country whose borders form the rough shape of the head from an elephant. The head and ears forming northern and eastern provinces and the trunk extending southwards the Malaysian peninsula between the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Thailand features many natural borders with the countries in the neighbourhood.

A border built from mountains with Myanmar (Burma) to the north and west, a long stretch of the Mekong River separating Thailand from Laos to the north and east; and the Mekong River and the Dongrak Mountains form the border of Cambodia to the east.With an area of  514,000 square kilometers, Thailand is the 50th  largest Country in the World. Located just 15 degrees north of the equator, Thailand has a tropical climate and temperatures range from 19 to 38 degrees C during the year. Monsoon rains fall usually from May to July and cooler, drier weather occurs around November and January. The geographical boundaries of Thailand all falling within the tropics.

Thailand’s four primary regions are each geographically distinct from each other. Along Thailand’s western border with Myanmar, the forested mountains rise higher as they stretch north, the highest mountain with 2,565 meter is called Doi Inthanon. Northeastern Thailand’s geography, where the kingdom borders Laos at the Mekong River, features the Khorat Plateau, which extends south towards the Thai border with Cambodia. The Isaan region of northeastern Thailand is the region of Thailand (with the exception of Bangkok) where the most people live and features a number of bigger provincial capital cities.

The geography of Thailand’s interior is dominated by the Central Plains, the Region of the Rice through which the Chao Phraya River spend water for expansive rice fields and then enters the never resting capital of Bangkok before flowing into the Gulf of Thailand. The trunk of the figurative elephant wich ends into the boarder to Malaysia separates the Andaman Sea from the Gulf of Thailand, providing Thailand with beaches and islands along opposing shores. In earlier times the coves of the tight Isthmus of Kra were important strategic trading routes. Today the islands of Phuket, Koh Phi Phi and Koh Samui, Koh Chang are important tourist destinations, though both coasts also contain numerous historical attractions as national parks, wildlife parks, and rain forests, waterfalls, and the famous lovely beaches of South Thailand. Thailand is divided into 76 political provinces, with Bangkok as capital of the country where currently more than 12 billion humans live.